• Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease in which the lining of the joints become inflamed, causing pain, swelling and stiffness. It is an ‘autoimmune disease’ because it occurs when our immune system, which normally fights against infection, starts destroying healthy joints. Severe rheumatoid arthritis can be very painful and even deform or change a joint. It also affects a person's ability to perform routine activities.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis
    Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an autoimmune disease that includes both psoriasis and a related form of arthritis. It is a form of inflammatory arthritis that causes pain, swelling and sometimes damage to any joint in the body. Psoriatic arthritis occurs mostly in people who are suffering from psoriasis, a chronic skin disease characterized by scaly, reddish skin rashes on the elbows, knees and scalp.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
    The term ankylosis refers to loss of mobility of the spine, whereas spondylitis means inflammation of the spine. Therefore, ankylosing spondylitis is a condition where chronic inflammation of the spine and sacroiliac joint results in complete fusion of the vertebrae leading to pain and stiffness in the spine. Sacroiliac joints are located in the lower back where the sacrum part of the vertebrae joins the iliac bones.
  • Osteoarthritis
    Also called degenerative joint disease, this is the most common type of arthritis, which occurs most often in older people. This disease affects cartilage, the tissue that cushions and protects the ends of bones in a joint. With osteoarthritis, the cartilage starts to wear away over time. In extreme cases, the cartilage can completely wear away, leaving nothing to protect the bones in a joint, causing bone-on-bone contact. Bones may also bulge, or stick out at the end of a joint, called a bone spur.
  • Gout
    Gout is a very common, painful form of arthritis which causes swelling, redness and stiffness of the joints. Gout is caused by increased levels of uric acid in the tissues and blood from abnormal metabolism. Eating certain foods rich in purines such as liver and dried beans can elevate the body’s level of uric acid. These Increased levels of uric acid can also cause kidney stones. Gout usually affects the big toe and can later attack ankles, heels, knees, wrists, fingers, and elbows. If untreated, gout can result in permanent joint and kidney damage.
  • Reactive Arthritis
    Reactive arthritis involves swelling and joint pain of the knees, ankles and feet that occurs as a result of a bacterial infection in another part of the body, usually the urinary tract, intestines or genitals.
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    SLE is a chronic auto-immune disorder affecting mainly joints, kidneys and skin. It is seen more often in young adult population and is more likely to occur in women than men.
  • Sjogren's Syndrome
    Sjogren's syndrome is an auto-immune disease caused by an attack of the immune system on the body’s glands that produce tears and saliva. The cause of the disease is not known. The presence of certain genes in an individual increases the risk of the disease.
  • Degenerative Disc Disorders
    Degenerative disc disease is a term used to describe age-related changes that occur in the soft discs present between the vertebral bones of the spine. These discs absorb stress and permit movement of the spine. Disc degeneration can lead to pain, limitation of movement and other symptoms. It is usually more pronounced in the region of the neck and lower back.
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arthritis
    Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) is a rheumatic disorder of the joints and connective tissue characterized by muscle pain and stiffness in the shoulders, neck and hip areas. Giant cell arteritis, also called temporal arteritis, is a condition that results in inflammation of the arteries of the scalp, neck and can also extent to major blood vessels originating from heart called aorta and its branches to arms.
  • Scleroderma
    Scleroderma is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes hardening of the skin. It is not contagious. Scleroderma can occur in both adults and children but is more often seen in females in the age group of 25 to 50 years.
  • Osteoporosis
    The term osteoporosis means porous bones. Osteoporosis is a metabolic disorder characterized by progressive loss of bone mass making the bones increasingly weak and prone to fractures. In the initial stages it is undetected till the development of a fracture. Fractures of the hip, spine, leg, arm and wrist are more common in these patients, usually secondary to a fall.
  • Vitamin D Deficiency
    Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from food and is essential for maintenance of strong and healthy bones. It is also important for normal functioning of the muscles and overall good health.
  • Fibromyalgia
    Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread body pain and tenderness of the joints, muscles, tendons and other soft tissues. Fibromyalgia may also be associated with fatigue, headaches, difficulty sleeping, depression, and anxiety.
  • Tennis Elbow
    Tennis elbow is the common name used for the elbow condition called lateral epicondylitis. It is an overuse injury that causes inflammation of the tendons that attach to the bony prominence on the outside of the elbow (lateral epicondyle). It is a painful condition occurring from repeated muscle contractions at the forearm that leads to inflammation and micro tears in the tendons that attach to the lateral epicondyle.
  • Rotator Cuff Tendonitis
    Rotator cuff is the group of tendons in the shoulder joint providing support and enabling wider range of motion. Major injury to these tendons may result in tear of these tendons and the condition is called as rotator cuff tear. It is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain in middle aged adults and older individuals.
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a common, painful, progressive condition that is caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist area. Common symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome include numbness and tingling sensation in all the fingers except little finger.
  • Myositis
    Myositis is a rare auto-immune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own skeletal muscles causing inflammation and progressive weakening of these muscles. Skeletal muscles are voluntary muscles that we can consciously control to move different parts of our body. Myositis occurs both in children and adults.
  • Polymyositis
    Polymyositis is a rare connective tissue disorder that causes inflammation and weakness of muscles. It is a progressive disorder that affects the skeletal muscles and commonly starts during mid-childhood and into the 20s. The exact cause of polymyositis is not known, but viral infections, genetics and cancer may play a part in its development.
  • Spondylosis
    Spondylosis is a degenerative disorder of the spine due to the ageing process which disrupts the normal structure and function of the spine. It affects all the different structural components of the spine including intervertebral discs, ligaments, bones and facet joints. It is also called osteoarthritis of the spine or degenerative joint disease (DJD).
  • Vasculitis
    Vasculitis is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks its own blood vessels causing inflammation. This results in narrowing or closing of the blood vessels. It may sometimes lead to stretching and bulging of the blood vessels (aneurysm) which may burst and bleed and can lead to death.
  • Systemic Sclerosis
    Systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder of the connective tissues where the body's immune system mistakenly attacks its own cells. Systemic sclerosis is characterized by hardening of the skin, scar formation (fibrosis), blood vessel disease and inflammation associated with an over active immune system. The disease usually affects people between the ages of 30-50 years with women more prone to the condition than men.
  • Mechanical Back Pains
    The upper and mid back is made up of 12 bones (vertebrae) stacked one above the other, and is called the thoracic spine. It extends from the base of your neck to the level of your lowest rib. This region has less mobility than the neck and lower back, so pain is less common.